Rough Puff Pastry

This Rough Puff Pastry recipe, sometimes called quick puff pastry or ruff puff pastry, should be your go-to any time you want buttery, flaky puff pastry without all the fuss. Make this easy laminated dough recipe for an easy fruit or vegetable tart or to top a turkey pot pie.

Read on for all the tips and tricks to learn how to make rough puff pastry. Or just grab your rolling pin, hit that Jump to Recipe button, and let’s make homemade puff pastry!

folded puff pastry and rolling pin on flour-dusted countertop.
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salt, butter, bowl of flour, and glass measuring cup with water.

Your eyes don’t deceive you. Homemade puff pastry has four ingredients – nearly equal amounts of butter and flour, a bit of salt, and water to bring it together.


Because puff pastry is all about the butter, please use a higher fat content, European-style butter. My chocolate chip cookie taste testers preferred Tillamook extra-creamy unsalted butter or Plugra over the same cookies made with Irish butter or a standard grocery store butter. You can imagine that good butter is even more important in puff pastry!

Please see the recipe card below for complete information on ingredients and quantities.

Variations and substitutions

Rough puff vs full puff pastry

Classic puff pastry is made by pounding a bunch of butter into a square and wrapping it in dough. A series of folds and turns creates layers and layers of butter and dough that puff when baked. While bashing butter can be therapeutic, classic puff takes longer to make and you really have to be exceptionally careful to keep the butter cold in the lamination process.

With quick puff pastry, large chunks of butter are incorporated into flour like a pie crust. Then the dough is rolled and folded like in full puff. Rough puff won’t rise as much as classic puff pastry, but it’s soooo much easier, especially when it’s warm.

Recipe tips and tricks

My food processor is an essential kitchen tool for so many things – basil pesto, bacon jam, shrimp meatballs, chopping veggies for sauces, or cheese for mac and cheese. But the food processor is particularly suited for making for pie crust, nut pastry dough, and puff pastry. You can use a mixer or your hands, but the food processor is easiest, with similar or even better results.

Step 1: Add the flour and salt to your food processor and blitz to mix. Add the cubes of cold butter and pulse about 10 times.

food processor bowl with flour and butter bits.

Step 2: Add the water and pulse until the puff pastry dough starts to come together roughly.

food processor bowl with small bits of clumped butter and flour.

Step 3: Dump the dough bits onto a clean, floured countertop and mash them together with your hands just until the dough sticks together. Note that you can still see lots of butter bits in the dough.

flat circle of pastry dough on a floured countertop.

Step 4: Roll out the dough to a rectangle. It doesn’t have to be any particular size, and you don’t need to worry about those shaggy edges. It will all work out.

oval of dough rolled out on a floured countertop.

Step 5: Start your first business envelope fold by folding the top third of the puff pastry dough towards you.

puff pastry dough on floured countertop with the top third folded down to start the business letter fold.

Then fold up the bottom third over the top of the top third.

puff pastry dough rolled into thirds with long side on top showing the business letter fold.

Step 6: Rotate the puff pastry bundle one quarter turn (i.e. 90 degrees), then repeat the above steps. You’ll roll out, fold into thirds, and do a total of five turns to get 729 layers (3 to the 6th power).

Tip from the wise quacker: if your puff pastry dough starts to get warm and sticky, wrap it in plastic and let it rest in the refrigerator for 15 to 30 minutes. Then resume rolling and turning.

folded puff pastry rotated  so the short side is now on top of image.

After you’ve done your turns, wrap your quick puff pastry dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least an hour before using.

smooth rectangle of pastry and rolling pin on a floured countertop.

Uses for rough puff pastry

First of all, let’s talk about when not to use quick puff pastry. You should use a classic puff pastry dough when you’re making croissants or any puff pastry dish where you really want the thousand layers of pâte feuilletée.

Maybe not a thousand layers, but you can use this puff pastry recipe in thousands of ways, like:

caramelized onions on a rectangular puff pastry tart on parchment on a baking sheet.

Recipe FAQs

Can I freeze homemade puff pastry dough?

Yes, double wrap the puff pastry dough in plastic wrap, then store it in a freezer bag for three to six months. To use, let puff pastry defrost in the refrigerator overnight.

Is it possible to do too many folds and turns when rolling puff pastry?

Yes, while it isn’t a big deal if you lose count and do four or six turns, but more than that and you run the risk of losing the layers of your dough. The BBC’s Richard Burr says that seven is when your puff pastry will turn into a pumpkin, er, enriched bread.

What are other common mistakes with puff pastry?

The most common problem people have when making any kind of pastry is letting the butter get warm and the dough becomes greasy. You should also be careful about rolling your rolling pin over the edge of the pastry, which can compress the puff pastry layers.

Check out other pie and pastry recipes from the Ugly Duckling Bakery archives like:

Love this recipe? Please leave a 5-heart 💜💜💜💜💜 rating in the recipe card below. Let me know how much you loved it, or any problems you had, in the comments section further down.


Rough Puff Pastry

5 from 1 vote
Category: pastry
Cuisine: Unspecified
Prep Time: 30 minutes
Chilling time: 1 hour
Total Time: 1 hour 30 minutes
Servings: 16
Calories: 149kcal
This Rough Puff Pastry, sometimes called quick puff pastry, ruff puff, or rough puff pastry, should be your go-to recipe any time you want a buttery, flaky puff pastry without all the fuss. Make this recipe for a quick fruit or vegetable tart or a pot pie with puff pastry top.
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  • Food processor


Puff pastry (Makes about 1 pound)

  • 1⅔ cup (7.1 ounce or 200 grams) all-purpose flour plus more for rolling
  • ½ teaspoon salt increase to ¾ teaspoons for savory uses
  • 2 sticks (16 tablespoons or 8 ounces or 227 grams) unsalted butter cold, cut into ½ inch cubes
  • cup (2.4 ounces or 68 grams) water cold


  • Add the flour and salt to the food processor and blitz until mixed.
    1⅔ cup (7.1 ounce or 200 grams) all-purpose flour, ½ teaspoon salt
  • Add the cubes of cold butter and pulse about 10 times.
    2 sticks (16 tablespoons or 8 ounces or 227 grams) unsalted butter
  • Add the cold water and blitz until the pastry just starts to come together.
    ⅓ cup (2.4 ounces or 68 grams) water
  • Dump the mixture out onto a clean cutting board or lightly floured countertop and mash it together with your hands just until it forms into a ball.
  • Use a rolling pin to roll it into a thick rectangle with the long edges to the sides, and then fold it like a business letter. That is, fold the top third down over the middle third and then fold the bottom third up over the folded top and middle thirds.
    This is fold #1.
  • Rotate the folded dough clockwise 90 degrees or one quarter turn. Repeat the steps above by rolling out the dough into a thick rectangle and folding it like a business letter. This is fold #2. Rotate the dough clockwise another 90 degrees.
  • Repeat for fold #3 and #4.
  • Wrap the rough puff pastry dough in plastic wrap and put it into the refrigerator for at least one hour before using. You can also double wrap the puff pastry in plastic wrap and place it in a small freezer bag for future puff pastry treats.


This recipe makes about 1 pound (500 grams) of quick puff pastry dough.
If making the rough puff pastry from scratch, use a higher fat content European-style butter. The difference in taste is worth it!
One of the most important rules when working with puff pastry is to keep it cold. If your dough starts to warm, put it in the fridge or freezer for at least 15 minutes.
To keep track of the turns, make a note to yourself with a mark on a piece of paper. It’s also a great use of your kid’s abacus!


Calories: 149kcal | Carbohydrates: 10g | Protein: 1g | Fat: 12g | Saturated Fat: 7g | Polyunsaturated Fat: 0.5g | Monounsaturated Fat: 3g | Trans Fat: 0.5g | Cholesterol: 30mg | Sodium: 74mg | Potassium: 17mg | Fiber: 0.4g | Sugar: 0.04g | Vitamin A: 353IU | Calcium: 5mg | Iron: 1mg
Love this recipe?Mention @Uglyducklingbakery or tag #uglyducklingbakery!

The recipe was adapted from the Pie and Pastry Bible by Rose Levy Beranbaum.

Are you an adventurous home cook looking for inspiration in your weeknight meals and weekend baking? Get inspiration here:


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